10 November 1871 - The journalist Henry M Stanley found the missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone.
Rumours were circulating that the explorer had been murdered. The New York Herald sent Stanley to find the truth, and indeed he did, on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Tanzania, where he uttered the immortal line, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Livingstone's tales of his adventures in Africa were a revelation to 19th century Western society which knew very little about the continent at the time.
You can find out more about famous Scots men and women in Scottish Miscellany: Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Scotland the Brave, by Jonathan Green.