1249 - Alexander II, King of Scotland, dies of a fever. His body is buried at Melrose Abbey, Roxburghshire.
1560 - The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed by Scotland and England. The Treaty was intended to replace the Auld Alliance with France with a new Anglo-Scottish accord but it was not ratified by Mary, Queen of Scots, the reigning monarch at the time.
1766 - Alexander Wilson, the Scottish naturalist is born. Born in Paisley, Scotland, in 1794 Wilson travelled to America in search of a better life. He is now regarded as the greatest American ornithologist prior to Audubon, who was himself probably inspired to produce a book of his own bird illustrations after meeting with Wilson.
1932 - Kenneth Grahame, the Scottish author, dies. Grahame is probably best known for his classic The Wind in the Willows, in which the animal characters - principally Mole, Rat, Badger and Toad - combine human traits with authentic animal habits.
2006 - Tom Weir, Scottish climber, author and broadcaster, dies. Weir was a pioneering campaigner for the protection of the Scottish environment, and wrote a column for The Scots Magazine for over 50 years.